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 Seizure Medications

 
 
 
 
Go to | Acetazolamide | ACTH | Afinitor | Aptiom | Ativan | Banzel | Barbexaclone | Carbamazepine | Carbatrol | Carisbamate | CBD | CBD/THC | Celontin | Clobazam | Clonazepam | Clorazepate | Convulex | Corticotropin | Depakene | Depakote | Depakote ER | Diacomit | Diamox | Diastat | Diazepam | Dilantin | Divalproex Sodium | Epanutin | Epidiolex | Epilim | Eslicarbazepine | Ethosuximide | Everolimus | Ezogabine | Felbamate | Felbatol | Frisium | Fycompa | Gabapentin | Gabitril | Ganaxolone | Inovelon | Keppra | Keppra XR | Klonopin | Lacosamide | Lamictal | Lamotrigine | Levetiracetam | Lorazepam | Luminal | Lyrica | Methsuximide | Midazolam | Mysoline | Neurontin | Nitrazepam | Onfi | Oxcarbazepine | Oxtellar XR | Phenobarbitol | Phenytek | Phenytoin | Potassium Bromide | Potiga | Prednisolone | Pregabalin | Prelone | Primidone | Rapamycin | Retigabine | Risperdal | Rivotril | Rufinamide | Sabril | Stiripentol | Tegretol | THC | THCA | Tiagabine | Topamax | Topiramate | Tranxene | Trileptal | Triple Bromide | Trokendi XR | Valium | Valproate | Valproic Acid | Verapamil | Vigabatrin | Vimpat | Vitamin B6 | Vitamin E | Zarontin | Zebenix | Zonegran | Zonisamide
Name:  
Acetazolamide (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Diamox (DI-a-mox) is a brand name of generic drug acetazolamide. It can be used to treat various types of seizure activity including generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal seizures), absence (petit mal) seizures, and catamenial (menstrual) seizures. It is also used as an add-on therapy for partial seizures. It is also used to treat other diseases such as glaucoma and high altitude sickness. Diamox comes in the form of tablets and capsules. Diamox Sequels are the extended release capsule forms of this medication.
Name:  
ACTH (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
ACTH is an abbreviation for adrenocorticotropic hormone. This hormone is secreted from the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain. It is used to treat spasm and seizure activity in infants and children. Its brand name includes HP Acthar Gel. As its name indicates, HP Acthar Gel is semi-gelatinous (16% gelatin) designed to provide a prolonged release of the medication.
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Name:  
Afinitor (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Afinitor is an inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin), a serine-threonine kinase, downstream of the PI3K/AKT pathway. The mTOR pathway is dysregulated in several human cancers. Everolimus binds to an intracellular protein, FKBP-12, resulting in an inhibitory complex formation and inhibition of mTOR kinase activity. Inhibition of mTOR by everolimus has been shown to reduce cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and glucose uptake in in vitro and/or in vivo studies.
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Name:  
Aptiom (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Indicated as an adjunct treatment of partial-onset seizures in adults 400 mg PO qDay x 1 week, then increase to 800 mg PO qDay (recommended maintenance dose) Some patients may benefit from 1,200 mg/day (maximum dose); should only be initiated after patient tolerates 800 mg/day for 1 week For some patients, treatment may be initiated at 800 mg qDay if the need for additional seizure reduction outweighs an increased risk of adverse reactions during initiation
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Name:  
Ativan (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Ativan (AT-ih-van) is a commonly used medication to reduce anxiety. Doctors may prescribe Ativan as an add-on medication to treat a variety of seizure types. It is the brand name for the medicine Lorazepam (lor-A-ze-pam). It is one of a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zo-di-AZE-i-peens).
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Name:  
Banzel (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Banzel (BAN-zel) is the brand name for the seizure medicine rufinamide (ru-FIN-a-mide). Banzel is usually used as an add-on treatment to control seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, which is a severe form of epilepsy. Banzel is taken orally and is available in 200mg and 400 mg film-coated tablets.
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Name:  
Barbexaclone (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
a salt compound of phenobarbital and propylhexedrine. It was introduced in 1983. It is reported to be as effective as phenobarbital but better tolerated. 100 mg of barbexaclone is equivalent to 60 mg of phenobarbital. It is not available on prescription in Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, the UK or the U.S.
Name:  
Carbamazepine (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Tegretol (TEG-re-trol) is brand name of the generic medication Carbamazepine. Tegretol is used to control epileptic seizures by blocking certain nerve impulses to the brain. It may come in the form of extended-release capsules, syrup (liquid), tablets, chewable tablets, and extended-release tablets.
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Name:  
Carbatrol (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Carbatrol (CAR-ba-trol) is one of several brands of the generic medication Carbamazepine. Carbatrol is used to control epileptic seizures by blocking certain nerve impulses to the brain. It may come in the form of extended-release capsules, syrup (liquid), tablets, chewable tablets, and extended-release tablets. Carbatrol is made to release slowly when you take this medication. It enables medication user take the medication less frequently, usually two times a day.
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Name:  
Carisbamate (Brand) Back to Top
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Name:  
CBD (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of at least 85 cannabinoids found in cannabis. It is a major constituent of the plant, second to THC, and represents up to 40% in its extracts.[3] Compared with THC, cannabidiol is non-psychoactive, and is considered to have a wider scope of medical applications than THC,[citation needed] including to epilepsy, multiple sclerosis spasms, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, nausea, convulsion and inflammation, as well as inhibiting cancer cell growth.
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Name:  
CBD/THC (Generic) Back to Top
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Name:  
Celontin (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Methsuximide is used to control absence (petit mal) seizures (a type of seizure in which there is a very short loss of awareness during which the person may stare straight ahead or blink his eyes and does not respond to others) that cannot be treated with other medications.
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Name:  
Clobazam (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Clobazam (KLOH-bah-zam)is the generic name (non-brand name) of the brand-name drug commonly known as Frisium (FRIH-zee-um). Clobazam is a seizure medicine and is available in many countries outside the United States. In Canada, clobazam is also sold under the brand name Novo-Clobazam.
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Name:  
Clonazepam (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Klonopin (KLON-o-pin) belongs to a family of drugs called benzodiazepine (ben-zo-di-AZEi-peens). It is quickly absorbed from the intestine after being taken by mouth and reaches peak levels in 1 to 2 hours. The generic formulation of Klonopin is known as clonazepam. It may be prescribed for a variety of seizure types and syndromes, including absence seizures, myoclonic, atonic (drop attacks), seizures of focal onset (known as partial seizures) and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. It is most often used as an add-on drug to other antiepileptic drugs.
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Name:  
Clorazepate (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Tranxene (TRANK-seen) is the brand name for the medicine clorazepate (clor-AZ-e-pate). It is one of a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zo-di-AZE-i-peens). Tranxene may be prescribed as add-on medication to treat a variety of seizure types, including myoclonic and absence seizures; drop attacks and the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. It is known generically as Tranxene and comes in both capsule and tablet form.
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Name:  
Convulex (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
A chemical compound that has found clinical use as an anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing drug, primarily in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and less commonly major depression. It is also used to treat migraine headaches and schizophrenia. It is marketed under the brand names Depakote, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor. Related drugs include the sodium salts sodium valproate, used as an anticonvulsant, and a combined formulation, valproate semisodium, used as a mood stabilizer and additionally in the U.S. also as an anticonvulsant.
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Name:  
Corticotropin (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a 41-amino acid peptide derived from a 191-amino acid preprohormone. CRH is secreted by the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus in response to stress. Marked reduction in CRH has been observed in association with Alzheimer's disease, and autosomal recessive hypothalamic corticotropin deficiency has multiple and potentially-fatal metabolic consequences including hypoglycemia and hepatitis. In addition to being produced in the hypothalamus, CRH is also synthesized in peripheral tissues, such as T lymphocytes, and is highly expressed in the placenta. In the placenta, CRH is a marker that determines the length of gestation and the timing of parturition and delivery. A rapid increase in circulating levels of CRH occurs at the onset of parturition, suggesting that, in addition to its metabolic functions, CRH may act as a trigger for parturition.[1]
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Name:  
Depakene (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Depakene (DEH-pah-keen) is a brand name for the commonly used epilepsy drug valproic (val-PRO-ik) acid. It is used in the treatment of partial or absence seizures by itself or as add-on therapy in adults and children 10 years and older. It is also effective in other primary generalized seizures. Sometimes it is used to prevent migraine headache or to treat mood disorder. Depakene comes in the form of gelatine capsules or syrup (liquid). Depakene is not for the people with liver diseases or pancreas diseases, if you have these diseases, be sure to discuss with your doctor before starting Depakene.
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Name:  
Depakote (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Depakote (DEH-pah-kote) / Depakote ER (DEH-pah-kote-Ee-Ar) are two different preparation of the generic drug divalproex (di-VAL-pro-eks) sodium. They are used in the treatment of partial or absence seizures by itself or as add-on therapy in adults and children 10 years and older. It is also effective in other primary generalized seizures. These medicines are also used to prevent migraine headache or to treat mood disorder. Depakote is available in tablet and sprinkle capsule form. Depakote ER is an extended-release tablet version of Depakote.
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Name:  
Depakote ER (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Depakote (DEH-pah-kote) / Depakote ER (DEH-pah-kote-Ee-Ar) are two different preparation of the generic drug divalproex (di-VAL-pro-eks) sodium. They are used in the treatment of partial or absence seizures by itself or as add-on therapy in adults and children 10 years and older. It is also effective in other primary generalized seizures. These medicines are also used to prevent migraine headache or to treat mood disorder. Depakote is available in tablet and sprinkle capsule form. Depakote ER is an extended-release tablet version of Depakote.
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Name:  
Diacomit (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Stiripentol (marketed as Diacomit by Laboratoires BIOCODEX) is an anticonvulsant drug used in the treatment of epilepsy. It is unrelated to other anticonvulsants and belongs to the group of aromatic allylic alcohols.
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Name:  
Diamox (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Diamox (DI-a-mox) is a brand name of generic drug acetazolamide. It can be used to treat various types of seizure activity including generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal seizures), absence (petit mal) seizures, and catamenial (menstrual) seizures. It is also used as an add-on therapy for partial seizures. It is also used to treat other diseases such as glaucoma and high altitude sickness. Diamox comes in the form of tablets and capsules. Diamox Sequels are the extended release capsule forms of this medication.
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Name:  
Diastat (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Diastat AcuDial is a brand of the generic drug diazepam rectal gel. It is a gel preparation of diazepam for rectal administration for the treatment of serial or cluster seizures, sometimes referred to as acute repetitive seizures. Diastat works to stop seizure activity by acting on brain cell interactions that inhibit the seizure impulses. Diastat is rapidly absorbed from the lining of the rectum and quickly achieves therapeutic levels in the serum. It can be used in children and adults.
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Name:  
Diazepam (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Diastat AcuDial is a brand of the generic drug diazepam rectal gel. It is a gel preparation of diazepam for rectal administration for the treatment of serial or cluster seizures, sometimes referred to as acute repetitive seizures. Diastat works to stop seizure activity by acting on brain cell interactions that inhibit the seizure impulses. Diastat is rapidly absorbed from the lining of the rectum and quickly achieves therapeutic levels in the serum. It can be used in children and adults.
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Name:  
Dilantin (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Dilantin (Di-LAN-Tin) is one of the most commonly used drugs to control epileptic seizures in the USA and many countries in the world. It is also known by the generic name phenytoin (FEN-Ih-Toe-In). Dilantin is used to treat various types of convulsions and seizures and can be as pills, extended-release capsules, chewable capsules, or syrup.
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Name:  
Divalproex Sodium (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Depakote (DEH-pah-kote) / Depakote ER (DEH-pah-kote-Ee-Ar) are two different preparation of the generic drug divalproex (di-VAL-pro-eks) sodium. They are used in the treatment of partial or absence seizures by itself or as add-on therapy in adults and children 10 years and older. It is also effective in other primary generalized seizures. These medicines are also used to prevent migraine headache or to treat mood disorder. Depakote is available in tablet and sprinkle capsule form. Depakote ER is an extended-release tablet version of Depakote.
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Name:  
Epanutin (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Epanutin capsules, oral suspension and infatabs all contain the active ingredient phenytoin, which is a type of medicine called an anticonvulsant. (NB. Phenytoin is also available without a brand name, ie as the generic medicine.) Phenytoin is used to treat epilepsy and works by stabilising electrical activity in the brain.
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Name:  
Epidiolex (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Epidiolex© is an investigational drug and has not been approved for use by the FDA or any other national regulatory agency
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Name:  
Epilim (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Epilim crushable tablets, enteric-coated tablets, syrup, liquid and injection all contain the active ingredient sodium valproate, which is a medicine that is used mainly to treat epilepsy. (NB. Sodium valproate is also available without a brand name, ie as the generic medicine.) Sodium valproate works by stabilising electrical activity in the brain.
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Name:  
Eslicarbazepine (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
It is being developed by Bial[2] and will be marketed as Zebinix or Exalief by Eisei[3] in Europe and as Stedesa by Sepracor[4] in America. The EMEA has recommended granting marketing authorization in 2009 for adjunctive therapy for partial-onset seizures, with or without secondary generalisation, in adults with epilepsy.[1][3] The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced on 2 June 2009 that the drug has been accepted for filing.[4]
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Name:  
Ethosuximide (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Ethosuximide is marketed under the trade names Emeside and Zarontin. However, both capsule preparations were discontinued from production, leaving only generic preparations available. Emeside capsules were discontinued by their manufacturer, Laboratories for Applied Biology, in Zarontin (zuh-RON-tin) is a brand name for the generic medication ethosuximide (eth-oh-SUX-i-mide) used to suppress absence (petit mal) seizures. Zarontin is taken orally and is available in both capsule and liquid form.
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Name:  
Everolimus (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Afinitor is an inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin), a serine-threonine kinase, downstream of the PI3K/AKT pathway. The mTOR pathway is dysregulated in several human cancers. Everolimus binds to an intracellular protein, FKBP-12, resulting in an inhibitory complex formation and inhibition of mTOR kinase activity. Inhibition of mTOR by everolimus has been shown to reduce cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and glucose uptake in in vitro and/or in vivo studies.
Name:  
Ezogabine (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Ezogabine was approved for the treatment of partial seizures and is the first in its class as an activator of voltage-gated potassium channels in the brain developed for the treatment of epilepsy. The exact mechanism of action is unknown, but ezogabine may act as an anticonvulsant by reducing excitability through the stabilization of neuronal potassium channels in an "open" position.
Name:  
Felbamate (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Felbatol (FEL-ba-tol) is an anticonvulsant. Its generic formulation is known as felbamate. Felbatol is used for partial seizures—that is, seizures that begin in a part of the brain. It comes in both tablet and liquid (syrup) form.
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Name:  
Felbatol (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Felbatol (FEL-ba-tol) is an anticonvulsant. Its generic formulation is known as felbamate. Felbatol is used for partial seizures—that is, seizures that begin in a part of the brain. It comes in both tablet and liquid (syrup) form.
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Name:  
Frisium (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Frisium (FRIH-zee-um) is the brand name used by Aventis Pharma for a seizure medicine available in many countries outside the United States. The generic name is clobazam (KLOH-bah-zam). In Canada, clobazam is sold under the brand name Novo-Clobazam.
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Name:  
Fycompa (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Fycompa (perampanel) is used to treat partial onset seizures in patients with epilepsy ages 12 years and older. Fycompa is in a new class of drugs to treat drug-resistant partial-onset seizures.
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Name:  
Gabapentin (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Neurontin (New-RON-tin) is used with other medications to help control seizures in adults and children for partial seizures with or without secondary generalization (spread to become a grand mal seizure). It is available in capsules, tablets, and liquid. It is generically known as gabapentin.
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Name:  
Gabitril (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Gabitril (GAB-ih-tril) is the brand name for the seizure medicine tiagabine (tie-AG-ah-bean). Gabitril is used in the treatment of partial seizures as add-on therapy in adults and children 12 years and older. Gabitril is an antiepilepsy agent. The exact way Gabitril works is by increasing the amount of a chemical in the nerve terminals that helps to inhibit the hyperexcitable nature of cells that generate epileptic activity. Gabitril is available in tablet form, usually in 2, 4, 12, and 16 milligrams.
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Name:  
Ganaxolone (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Ganaxolone (INN, also known as CCD-1042) is a steroid drug related to pregnanolone which has sedative, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant effects. It is a potent and selective positive allosteric modulator of GABAA receptors.[1] Ganaxolone is being investigated for potential medical use in the treatment of epilepsy. It is well tolerated in human trials, with the main side effects being sedation, dizziness and headache.[2] Further trials are underway and clinical development looks likely based on the results to date.[3][4]
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Name:  
Inovelon (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Inovelon® (i-NOVE-eh-lon) is the brand name for rufinamide, where it is approved for marketing in European countries. As of May 15, 2007, rufinamide has not been approved for use in the United States.
Name:  
Keppra (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Keppra (KEPP-ra) is the brand name of the generic medication levetiracetam. Keppra is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of various seizures such as partial-onset, myoclonic, or generalized tonic-clonic seizures. It is used in combination with other medications as well. Keppra is manufactured in the form of tablets, syrup (liquid), and injection.
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Name:  
Keppra XR (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Keppra XR (KEPP-rah XR) is a specially formulated drug of the generic medication levetiracetam. Levetiracetam is used in the treatment of various seizures such as partial-onset, myoclonic, or generalized tonic-clonic seizures. XR stands for “extended release,” which means slow release and slow absorption of medicine after someone swallows it. This feature allows patients to take the medicine less frequently, usually once a day. Keppra XR is usually used in combination with other medications. Keppra XR is manufactured in the form of tablets.
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Name:  
Klonopin (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Klonopin (KLON-o-pin) belongs to a family of drugs called benzodiazepine (ben-zo-di-AZEi-peens). It is quickly absorbed from the intestine after being taken by mouth and reaches peak levels in 1 to 2 hours. The generic formulation of Klonopin is known as clonazepam. It may be prescribed for a variety of seizure types and syndromes, including absence seizures, myoclonic, atonic (drop attacks), seizures of focal onset (known as partial seizures) and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. It is most often used as an add-on drug to other antiepileptic drugs.
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Name:  
Lacosamide (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Vimpat (VIM-pat) is the brand name for the seizure medicine lacosamide (la-COS-a-mide). Vimpat is usually used as an add-on treatment to control partial onset seizures in patients with epilepsy aged 17 years and older. Vimpat is available in 50 mg (pink), 100 mg (dark yellow), 150 mg (salmon), 200 mg (blue) film coated tablet for oral use, and 200mg injection for health care professional use.
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Name:  
Lamictal (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Lamictal (La-MIC-tal) is the brand name for the seizure medicine lamotrigine (la-MO-tri-geen). Lamictal is used to treat partial seizures in adults and partial and generalized seizures in children. Research has shown that this drug is effective for various seizure types, including partial seizures, generalized seizures of no known cause, and the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (a severe form of epilepsy). Lamictal is available in two forms: tablet and chewable dispersible tablets (can be chewed or dissolved in liquid).
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Name:  
Lamotrigine (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Lamictal (La-MIC-tal) is the brand name for the seizure medicine lamotrigine (la-MO-tri-geen). Lamictal is used to treat partial seizures in adults and partial and generalized seizures in children. Research has shown that this drug is effective for various seizure types, including partial seizures, generalized seizures of no known cause, and the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (a severe form of epilepsy). Lamictal is available in two forms: tablet and chewable dispersible tablets (can be chewed or dissolved in liquid).
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Name:  
Levetiracetam (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Keppra (KEPP-ra) is the brand name of the generic medication levetiracetam. Keppra is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of various seizures such as partial-onset, myoclonic, or generalized tonic-clonic seizures. It is used in combination with other medications as well. Keppra is manufactured in the form of tablets, syrup (liquid), and injection.
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Name:  
Lorazepam (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Ativan (AT-ih-van) is a commonly used medication to reduce anxiety. Doctors may prescribe Ativan as an add-on medication to treat a variety of seizure types. It is the brand name for the medicine Lorazepam (lor-A-ze-pam). It is one of a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zo-di-AZE-i-peens).
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Name:  
Luminal (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Phenobarbital (INN) or phenobarbitone (former BAN) is a barbiturate, first marketed as Luminal by Friedr. Bayer et comp. It is the most widely used anticonvulsant worldwide [1] and the oldest still commonly used.[2] It also has sedative and hypnotic properties but, as with other barbiturates, has been superseded by the benzodiazepines for these indications. The World Health Organization recommends its use as first-line for partial and generalized tonic-clonic seizures (those formerly known as Grand Mal) in developing countries. It is a core medicine in the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, which is a list of minimum medical needs for a basic health care system.[3] In more affluent countries, it is no longer recommended as a first or second-line choice anticonvulsant for most seizure types,[2][4] though it is still commonly used to treat neonatal seizures.
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Lyrica (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Lyrica (LEER-ih-kah) is the brand name for the anti-epilepsy medication pregbalin. This medication is used as an add-on therapy in the treatment of partial onset seizures in adults. Lyrica is available in capsules in eight dosage strengths from 25mg to 300mg.
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Name:  
Methsuximide (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Methsuximide is used to control absence (petit mal) seizures (a type of seizure in which there is a very short loss of awareness during which the person may stare straight ahead or blink his eyes and does not respond to others) that cannot be treated with other medications. Methsuximide is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants.
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Name:  
Midazolam (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Midazolam (Versed) is used both acutely to treat SE at presentation and as a continuous anesthetic drip after SE has proven refractory to standard treatment (see below). Acutely, it may be given in intravenous boluses of 0.2 mg/kg (5 to 20 mg). Onset of therapeutic effect is extremely rapid because of high lipid solubility, but its effect is short-lived, and relapses of seizures may be expected. The very short duration of action allows clinical assessment soon after its discontinuation.
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Name:  
Mysoline (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Mysoline (MY-soh-leen) is the brand name of the generic medication primidone (PRIM-ih-dohn). Mysoline is used to treat partial seizures with or without secondary generalization and generalized tonic clonic (grand mal) seizures. It is available in liquid and tablet form.
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Neurontin (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Neurontin (New-RON-tin) is used with other medications to help control seizures in adults and children for partial seizures with or without secondary generalization (spread to become a grand mal seizure). It is available in capsules, tablets, and liquid. It is generically known as gabapentin.
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Name:  
Nitrazepam (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Nitrazepam is a type of benzodiazepine drug and is marketed in English-speaking countries under the following brand names - Alodorm, Arem, Insoma, Mogadon, Nitrados, Nitrazadon, Ormodon, Paxadorm, Remnos and Somnite.[1] It is a hypnotic drug with sedative and motor impairing properties,[2] anxiolytic, amnestic, anticonvulsant and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Nitrazepam is available in 5mg and 10mg tablets. In the Netherlands, Australia, Israel and the United Kingdom it is only available in 5mg tablets.
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Name:  
Onfi (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Onfi (clobazam) is a benzodiazepine. Clobazam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Onfi is used in combination with other medications to treat seizures caused by Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a severe form of childhood epilepsy that also causes developmental and behavior problems. Onfi may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
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Name:  
Oxcarbazepine (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Trileptal (try-LEP-tal) is the brand name for the seizure medicine oxcarbazepine (ox-car-BAZ-eh-peen). Trileptal (Tri-LEP-tal) has similar structure with TegretolXR, Carbatrol, and Epitol (carbamazepine). It is used as single drug therapy and as add-on therapy (adjunctive) in adults and children 4 years of age and older with partial seizures. Trileptal is available in both liquid and tablet forms.
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Name:  
Oxtellar XR (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Oxtellar XR is an extended release, once daily formulation of oxcarbazepine, a currently approved anti-epileptic drug. Oxcarbazepine produces blockade of voltage-sensitive sodium channels, resulting in stabilization of hyperexcited neural membranes, inhibition of repetitive neuronal firing, and diminution of propagation of synaptic impulses. These actions are thought to be important in the prevention of seizure spread in the intact brain.
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Name:  
Phenobarbitol (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Phenobarbital (fee-no-BAR-bih-tal) is a commonly used antiepileptic drug with long history. Phenobarbital was first used as an antiepileptic drug in 1912. It is used for generalized tonic-clonic and complex or simple partial seizures in adults and children. It may also be used for myclonic seizures. Once considered to be a first line drug, it is now generally thought to be a second-line therapy because of its side effects, which include sedation, depression and agitation. Phenobarbital is prescribed as capsules, tablets, and in syrup.
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Phenytek (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Phenytek (FEN-ih-tek) is a brand name for commonly used seizure medication Phenytoin (FEN-ih-toe-in). Phenytek was developed to release the medicine over a longer period of time. This feature helps people to take the medication once a day rather than three times a day. Phenytek is used to treat various types of convulsions and seizures.
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Phenytoin (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Dilantin (Di-LAN-Tin) is one of the most commonly used drugs to control epileptic seizures in the USA and many countries in the world. It is also known by the generic name phenytoin (FEN-Ih-Toe-In). Dilantin is used to treat various types of convulsions and seizures and can be as pills, extended-release capsules, chewable capsules, or syrup.
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Potassium Bromide (Brand) Back to Top
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Potiga (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Ezogabine was approved for the treatment of partial seizures and is the first in its class as an activator of voltage-gated potassium channels in the brain developed for the treatment of epilepsy. The exact mechanism of action is unknown, but ezogabine may act as an anticonvulsant by reducing excitability through the stabilization of neuronal potassium channels in an "open" position.
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Prednisolone (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Prednisolone is a corticosteroid drug with predominantly glucocorticoid and low mineralocorticoid activity, making it useful for the treatment of a wide range of inflammatory and auto-immune conditions[2] such as asthma[3], uveitis, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, Bell's palsy, multiple sclerosis[4], cluster headaches, systemic lupus erythematosus, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and autoimmune hepatitis[5] and Dermatomyositis.
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Pregabalin (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Lyrica (LEER-ih-kah) is the brand name for the anti-epilepsy medication pregbalin. This medication is used as an add-on therapy in the treatment of partial onset seizures in adults. Lyrica is available in capsules in eight dosage strengths from 25mg to 300mg.
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Prelone (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Treating allergies, arthritis, breathing problems (eg, asthma), certain blood disorders, collagen diseases (eg, lupus), certain eye diseases (eg, keratitis), cancer (eg, leukemia), endocrine problems (eg, adrenocortical insufficiency), intestinal problems (eg, ulcerative colitis), swelling due to certain conditions, or skin conditions (eg, psoriasis). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
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Primidone (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Mysoline (MY-soh-leen) is the brand name of the generic medication primidone (PRIM-ih-dohn). Mysoline is used to treat partial seizures with or without secondary generalization and generalized tonic clonic (grand mal) seizures. It is available in liquid and tablet form.
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Rapamycin (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Scientists found that the FDA-approved drug rapamycin blocks brain changes believed to cause seizures in rats. In a paper last year, the same group showed that rapamycin prevents brain changes in mice triggered by one of the most common genetic causes of epilepsy, tuberous sclerosis (TS).
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Retigabine (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Retigabine (D-23,129) is a psychoactive drug and research chemical under development as a novel anticonvulsant agent.[1] Its acts as a neuronal KCNQ/Kv7 potassium channel opener,[2][3] a mechanism of action completely different from those of presently marketed antiepileptics. Retigabine is currently in phase III clinical trials as an adjunctive treatment for partial-onset seizures in adult patients with refractory epilepsy.[4]
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Risperdal (Generic) Back to Top
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Rivotril (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative with highly potent anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, and anxiolytic properties.[1] It is marketed by Roche under the trade-names Klonopin in the United States, and Ravotril in Chile. Other names like Rivotril or Rivatril are known throughout the large majority of the rest of the world.[2] Clonazepam is a chlorinated derivative of nitrazepam[3] and therefore a nitrobenzodiazepine.[4]
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Rufinamide (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Banzel (BAN-zel) is the brand name for the seizure medicine rufinamide (ru-FIN-a-mide). Banzel is usually used as an add-on treatment to control seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, which is a severe form of epilepsy. Banzel is taken orally and is available in 200mg and 400 mg film-coated tablets.
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Sabril (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Sabril® (vigabatrin) was approved by the FDA in August 2009 as a monotherapy for children one month to two years of age with infantile spasms (IS) where the potential benefits outweigh the risk of vision loss.
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Stiripentol (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Stiripentol (marketed as Diacomit) is an anticonvulsant medication used in the treatment of epilepsy. It is chemically unrelated to other anticonvulsants, and may have unique effectiveness in epilepsy caused by SCN1a mutation (such as Dravet syndrome and GEFS plus).
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Tegretol (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Tegretol (TEG-re-trol) is brand name of the generic medication Carbamazepine. Tegretol is used to control epileptic seizures by blocking certain nerve impulses to the brain. It may come in the form of extended-release capsules, syrup (liquid), tablets, chewable tablets, and extended-release tablets.
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THC (Generic) Back to Top
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THCA (Generic) Back to Top
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Tiagabine (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Gabitril (GAB-ih-tril) is the brand name for the seizure medicine tiagabine (tie-AG-ah-bean). Gabitril is used in the treatment of partial seizures as add-on therapy in adults and children 12 years and older. Gabitril is an antiepilepsy agent. The exact way Gabitril works is by increasing the amount of a chemical in the nerve terminals that helps to inhibit the hyperexcitable nature of cells that generate epileptic activity. Gabitril is available in tablet form, usually in 2, 4, 12, and 16 milligrams.
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Topamax (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Topamax (TO-pa-max) is the brand name for the seizure medicine topiramate (to-PEER-a-mate). Topamax is used alone or with other medications to treat certain types of seizures for adults and children (2 to 16 years old). It is used to treat partial seizures with or without secondary generalization, primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and seizures associated with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. It may be also used to treat myoclonic epilepsy and infantile spasms. Topamax is available in tablets and capsules.
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Topiramate (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Topamax (TO-pa-max) is the brand name for the seizure medicine topiramate (to-PEER-a-mate). Topamax is used alone or with other medications to treat certain types of seizures for adults and children (2 to 16 years old). It is used to treat partial seizures with or without secondary generalization, primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and seizures associated with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. It may be also used to treat myoclonic epilepsy and infantile spasms. Topamax is available in tablets and capsules.
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Tranxene (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Tranxene (TRANK-seen) is the brand name for the medicine clorazepate (clor-AZ-e-pate). It is one of a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zo-di-AZE-i-peens). Tranxene may be prescribed as add-on medication to treat a variety of seizure types, including myoclonic and absence seizures; drop attacks and the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. It is known generically as Tranxene and comes in both capsule and tablet form.
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Trileptal (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Trileptal (try-LEP-tal) is the brand name for the seizure medicine oxcarbazepine (ox-car-BAZ-eh-peen). Trileptal (Tri-LEP-tal) has similar structure with TegretolXR, Carbatrol, and Epitol (carbamazepine). It is used as single drug therapy and as add-on therapy (adjunctive) in adults and children 4 years of age and older with partial seizures. Trileptal is available in both liquid and tablet forms.
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Triple Bromide (Generic) Back to Top
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Trokendi XR (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Trokendi XR is specifically indicated as initial monotherapy in patients 10 years of age and older with partial onset or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures and adjunctive therapy in patients 6 years of age and older with partial onset or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Trokendi XR is also indicated as adjunctive therapy in patients 6 years of age and older with seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
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Valium (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
one of a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zo-di-AZE-i-peens). It is quickly absorbed after being taken by mouth, reaching peak levels 1 to 2 hours after administration. Because of its rapid entry into the brain, Valium is used in the treatment of status epilepticus (non-stop seizures). A rectal gel formulation (Diastat) is available on prescription for caregiver use against prolonged bouts of prolonged or repetitive, cluster seizures.
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Valproate (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Depakene (DEH-pah-keen) is a brand name for the commonly used epilepsy drug valproic (val-PRO-ik) acid. It is used in the treatment of partial or absence seizures by itself or as add-on therapy in adults and children 10 years and older. It is also effective in other primary generalized seizures. Sometimes it is used to prevent migraine headache or to treat mood disorder. Depakene comes in the form of gelatine capsules or syrup (liquid). Depakene is not for the people with liver diseases or pancreas diseases, if you have these diseases, be sure to discuss with your doctor before starting Depakene.
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Valproic Acid (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Valproic acid and its derivatives are the traditional first-line agent for idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndromes. The advent of newer medications that are effective for treating these conditions, as well as the risk of teratogenicity, weight gain, cerebellar dysfunction, hair-loss, blood dyscrasias, and impaired liver function have caused it to be used much less often.
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Verapamil (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Verapamil is in a group of drugs called calcium channel blockers. It works by relaxing the muscles of your heart and blood vessels. http://www.epires-journal.com/article/S0920-1211%2809%2900065-5/abstract http://www.dravet.org/newsevents/detail/14
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Vigabatrin (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Sabril® (vigabatrin) was approved by the FDA in August 2009 as a monotherapy for children one month to two years of age with infantile spasms (IS) where the potential benefits outweigh the risk of vision loss. Sabril® (vigabatrin) was approved by the FDA in August 2009 as add-on therapy for adults with complex partial seizures (CPS) whose seizures remain uncontrolled despite treatment with other therapies and for whom the potential benefits outweigh the risk of vision loss. Sabril is not indicated as a first line agent for adults with CPS.
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Vimpat (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Vimpat (VIM-pat) is the brand name for the seizure medicine lacosamide (la-COS-a-mide). Vimpat is usually used as an add-on treatment to control partial onset seizures in patients with epilepsy aged 17 years and older. Vimpat is available in 50 mg (pink), 100 mg (dark yellow), 150 mg (salmon), 200 mg (blue) film coated tablet for oral use, and 200mg injection for health care professional use.
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Vitamin B6 (Brand) Back to Top
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Vitamin E (Generic) Back to Top
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Zarontin (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Zarontin (zuh-RON-tin) is a brand name for the generic medication ethosuximide (eth-oh-SUX-i-mide) used to suppress absence (petit mal) seizures. Zarontin is taken orally and is available in both capsule and liquid form.
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Zebenix (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Eslicarbazepine, brand name Zebenix™, is a new epilepsy drug, related to carbamazepine (Tegretol™) and oxcarbazepine (Trileptal™). Discovered in 1996, it may have fewer drug interactions than do carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine.
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Zonegran (Brand) Back to Top
Description:  
Zonegran (ZAHN-uh-gran) is the brand name for the generic seizure medicine zonisamide (zoh-NIH-sah-mide). Zonegran is primarily is used in combination with other medications to treat the adults experiencing partial seizures. It works by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain. It is available in 25, 50, and 100 mg capsules.
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Zonisamide (Generic) Back to Top
Description:  
Zonegran (ZAHN-uh-gran) is the brand name for the generic seizure medicine zonisamide (zoh-NIH-sah-mide). Zonegran is primarily is used in combination with other medications to treat the adults experiencing partial seizures. It works by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain. It is available in 25, 50, and 100 mg capsules.
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